The Lift Directive is specifically designed to govern most passenger and goods lifts. It is referred to as “The Lifts Directive 2014/33/EU” and was created in 2014 to amend the previous 1995 version. It is used in line with British Standards, such as BS EN 81-20 for the design of new lifts.
This directive covers permanent lifts which service buildings, whether this is for people, goods (where a person can enter), or both.
The BSi (British Standards Institution) define lifts as:
“a lifting appliance serving specific levels, having a carrier moving along guides which are rigid and inclined at an angle of more than 15 degrees to the horizontal, or a lifting appliance moving along a fixed course”
The main point to take away is that it covers lifts that travel at over 0.15m/s – so generally this will be traction and hydraulic lift systems, or ‘conventional’ lifts.
The Lifts Directive covers most types of passenger lift, but excludes things like travelators (moving walkways), military lifting equipment, construction hoists or ski lifts. These will fall under the Machinery Directive instead.